What are the ways to create animation using CSS3?

The launch of CSS3 was pinnacle to the current change in usage of CSS for developing web animations. Before which, people used resources such as Flash and JavaScript for designing and developing such animations, which includes animated images. There were certain aspects to CSS3 that made creating animations through it so much easier and so much fun. Let’s have a brief look at these aspects now.

CSS3-aniTo begin with, there are two components – the “styles” and “keyframes”. These components make using CSS an apt option for developing animations. How they make it happen is as follows:

  • A “style” describes the CSS animation.
  • A “keyframe” indicates the flow of animation styles from beginning through the end.

Advantages of CSS3 Animations

The following three features are major advantages, which the CSS animations have over other traditional animation techniques (which are script-driven).

  • CSS makes it easy to create simple animations; also, one would not need to have knowledge on JavaScript or similar tools to work with CSS.
  • Unlike JavaScript animations, which runs poorly even the simple animations (when not well made), the CSS animations run really well even when the system’s under moderate load. This is made possible by the rendering engine, which utilizes frame-skipping techniques to maintain performance and smoothness.
  • Having the browsers themselves control the flow of animations (such as animation refresh rates, etc), has lead to best performance optimization and smoother animation flow.

Creating the Animations

Creating a sequence of CSS animation involves using the style component to set the animation’s properties and sub-properties. You get to configure the duration and timing of the animation, along with details related to how the sequence of animation should progress. But, you do not get to configure the appearance of these animations using the style, for which purpose you will be using the @keyframes component.

CSS Style

The following are the style properties & sub-properties

  • animation-delay: This helps configure the time delay between different elements of the loaded animation and the sequential animations.
  • animation-direction: This configuration sets the direction of individual animations, and also states if the particular animation will repeat itself in the same sequence or in a different direction on its consecutive runs.
  • animation-duration: Sets the time an animation would take to complete its single cycle.
  • animation-iteration-count: Sets the number of times an animation would repeat itself. If set to infinite, the animation would go on indefinitely.
  • animation-name: This specifies the at-rule name, which describes an animation’s keyframes.
  • animation-play-state: You can configure an animation’s pause/play status.
  • animation-timing-function: With this configuration, you can establish the acceleration curves of the animation, setting its keyframes transitions.
  • animation-fill-mode: This configures the values applied to an animation, (before & after it’s execution).

CSS @keyframes

As mentioned before, the keyframes allow you to configure the animation’s appearance. For this, you will need to setup at least two (at-rule) keyframes. These keyframes represent how individual elements of the animation render themselves within a set time frame.

This time frame is denoted by a “percentage” system by the keyframes. A 0% represents the start of an animation, and 100% represents the finish; they are given as from/0% and to/100% respectively. Though both these are optional, they are very important, and thus, the browser by default computes all the attributes of the animation and starts and finishes it accordingly, when the values are not provided.

The following are CSS3 animation examples, which should give you a brief understanding of how this works.

Example 1:
25% {
font-size: 200%;
margin-right: 75%;
width: 200%;
This example shows that at 25% of the animation, the header will have the right margin at 75%, with the width being 200%.

Example 2:
from {
margin-right: 100%;
width: 500%;
to {
margin-right: 0%;
width: 100%;

This example has two keyframes; first occurring at 0% and the second at 100% (by default, since the values aren’t provided); this effectively starts and finishes an animation. The right margin is at 100% with a width of 500% at the start of the animation, and ends at 0% of the right margin with 100% width. Therefore, the browser animates a header from left edge to the right edge.

With that, by including additional keyframes you can add intermediate steps and thus, amend the CSS3 animations as per your requirements.

HTML5 and CSS3 – Lift up your web design to next level

HTML5 and CSS3 are the new techniques which are considered as the future of web development. However, you don’t have to wait to start using them for your web development. Because, even though the specification is still in development, most contemporary browsers and mobile devices already support these techniques.

Gone are the days when adding additional markup just to design a button in a different way or stripe tables. Now, you have to learn how to use HTML5 and CSS3 new markup to create a better structure for your website content and also better interfaces for your forms.
HTML5-CSS3Using HTML5 and CSS3, you can able to embed audio, video and vector graphics into your web pages without using Flash. You can find how web sockets, cross-document messaging, client-side storage, and offline caching can make your modern web development easy, also you can discover how CSS3 makes it into style sections of your web page. You will get a clear idea about both the developing solutions that are backwards compatible and accessible.


HTML5 is the most recent version of Hypertext Markup Language or HTML. This technology is currently supported by only a few numbers of browsers, hoping to see more in usage by the next year. However, the features that are available now are a best possible way to become acquainted with HTML5 and add some fantastic elements to your website.

To avoid many bugs and crashes, refuse to allow Flash on the iOS and also learn how to use the more intricate features of HTML5 to develop apps and iOS-friendly websites. As Google is rolling out an HTML5-friendly version of YouTube, many web and mobile app developers have started to see how important this technique will become in the near future.

Every browser may support various features of HTML5 that makes it mandatory for those interested in programming to figure out which features they require and which will be supported by various different browsers.

Features of HTML5:

•    Any HTML5 syntax needs a doctype that must be specified, so that the browser can provide the web page in standards mode. One important thing is that the doctype declaration has also been made simpler from previous HTML. Hence, it is now just: <!DOCTYPE html>
•    HTML5 provides an outstanding support to both audio and visual. As soon as all browsers support HTML5, you can be able to easily add audio and video to your website without the need of other plugins.
•    Using HTML5, you can easily edit the content of your website. Use the attribute “contenteditable” to effortlessly change your content on your website. To do this, just add contenteditable=“true” to any element.
•    You can use the canvas element to bypass Photoshop in order to make your 2D images and directly add them in your code.
•    The application cache allows you to easily navigate web applications, even though you are offline.
Why use HTML5?
•    HTML5 gives you more flexibility when creating your website.
•    As HTML5 generally implements Web sockets. Hence, it will load much faster than its older version.
•    Using HTML5, you can create universal applications for all mobile devices. Therefore, mobile phone applications will become much more accessible if they are written in HTML5.
•    Audio, video and images are all effortlessly written perfectly into the code. This eliminates the need for any other third-party software like Flash.
•    HTML5 is growing more rapidly and this will be resulted in a number of features that will leave traditional websites looking outdated.
•    As HTML5 is generally built on HTML4, the old markup can able to stay in place as you develop the new features.
•    Both HTML5 and CSS3 together will provide some great designer credibility.

CSS 3:

CSS3 or Cascading Style Sheet 3 is a style sheet language that specifies style formatting, such as color, font, size and layout, for websites. This technique is mostly used in HTML pages. However, unlike HTML, CSS mainly focuses on the design and style of a website rather than its content. The main purpose of using CSS is to make changes on every page on a website without rewriting the code.

Even though CSS3 is not supported by all browsers that are available now, it is becoming very popular because it makes website changes so much easier, when compared with its previous version or JavaScript plugins.
CSS3 provides many exciting new features that help you to enhance the appearance of a website. Using CSS3, you can able to improve the functionality and appearance of your website exponentially.

Features of CSS3:

•    Using CSS3, you can easily create a shadow around an element by using the same code, and also be able to change the color, position, and blur of that shadow.
•     Rounded corners appear more user-friendly than square boxes. Using CSS3, you can apply this effect to HTML elements.
•    Just like normal text, you can be able to add a shadow to HTML text that can be highlighted. Using CSS3, you can change the shadow blur, the shadow angle, and the shadow color in CSS.
•    The property “opacity” can make elements more transparent. You can set the opacity of an image in an image editor and then save it with transparency enabled.
•    With CSS3, you can create gradients right in the browser as soon as you load the web page.

Why use CSS3?

In fact, there is no high demand of innovation that CSS3 was developed, however, the possibilities that CSS3 could be able to provide for us. Before CSS3 has been introduced, web designers can able to create CSS to meet the expected result using images and markup. But, now, with CSS3, they can be able to create the same effects as layout images and extra markup with less effort and more dynamics. This not only helps in making changes easily, but also decreases the size of a web page with less number of images.


Hence, the combination of both HTML5 and CSS3 are very powerful and can create incredible, high-quality solutions. So, it is mandatory for you to learn them and start using them from today, otherwise you will fall behind your competitors.